Gasoline, also spelled gasolene, also called gas or petrol, mixture of volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbons derived from petroleum and used as fuel for internal-combustion engines. It is also used as a solvent for oils and fats.
Why is it called gasoline?
Etymology. Gasoline is an English word that denotes fuel for automobiles. The term is thought to have been influenced by the trademark Cazeline or Gazeline, named after the surname of British publisher, coffee merchant, and social campaigner John Cassell.
What is gasoline in simple words?
: a volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture used as a fuel especially for internal combustion engines and usually blended from several products of natural gas and petroleum.
What are the 3 types of gasoline?
Retail gasoline stations in the United States sell three main grades of gasoline based on the octane level:Regular (the lowest octane fuel–generally 87)Midgrade (the middle range octane fuel–generally 89–90)Premium (the highest octane fuel–generally 91–94)
What exactly is gasoline?
Gasoline is a fuel made from crude oil and other petroleum liquids. Gasoline is mainly used as an engine fuel in vehicles. Petroleum refineries and blending facilities produce motor gasoline for sale at retail gasoline fueling stations.
What is the example of gasoline?
Definition: Gasoline or petrol is a derivative product of crude oil/petroleum. It is derived during fractional distillation process and has a translucent liquid form. Its not used in its crude form. Different additives are added like ethanol to use it as fuel for passenger vehicles.
What is the main component of gasoline?
Gasoline is a petroleum-derived product comprising a mixture of liquid aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, ranging between C4 and C12 carbon atoms with the boiling range of 30–225°C. It is predominantly a mixture of paraffins, naphthenes, aromatics and olefins.
Do you need premium gas?
Premium gasoline is necessary only for those vehicles whose vehicles say “Premium Fuel Required” behind the fuel door. If your gas brand has higher levels of detergents or cold-weather additives in its premium fuel over regular, it may keep your engine cleaner, but it wont necessarily run better.
What is the best gasoline?
Prominent top-tier gasoline suppliersCostco.Exxon.Holiday.Kwik Trip.Mobil.Shell.Sinclair.Texaco. •Nov 24, 2015
What are the main components of gasoline?
The typical composition of gasoline hydrocarbons (% volume) is as follows: 4-8% alkanes; 2-5% alkenes; 25-40% isoalkanes; 3-7% cycloalkanes; l-4% cycloalkenes; and 20-50% total aromatics (0.5-2.5% benzene) (IARC 1989).
Is it called petrol or gas?
Gasoline Gasoline, also spelled gasolene, also called gas or petrol, mixture of volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbons derived from petroleum and used as fuel for internal-combustion engines.
What fuel is used in cars in America?
Gasoline is the main U.S. transportation fuel Most of the motor gasoline sold for use in vehicles in the United States is about 10% fuel ethanol by volume.
What is the formula of gasoline?
Octane | C8H18 - PubChem.
What are the characteristics of gasoline?
Gasoline is principally a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons having from four to ten carbon atoms, small amounts of lighter and heavier hydrocarbons, and minute quantities of crude petroleum impurities such as sulfur and nitrogen.